11 / 2 Killycluggin Stone
Archaeologists suggest that the stone served as a Druidic idol or ritual focal point from the Mid Celtic period (circa 100 B.C. - 100 A.D.) The adjacent stone circle originally dating from the Bronze age was adapted by the Celts. It became redundant with the arrival of Christianity.
In April 1922 William Bannon a local farmer accidentally unearthed the stone while ploughing. Not realising its significance he broke it with a sledge hammer as it was in his way. He noticed line carvings on the fragments of the broken pieces and proceeded to expose the remainder of the stone. He subsequently discovered that he had found a very rare ancient Celtic monument of great historical value. The discovery caused a great stir in archaeological and antiquarian circles.
The artistic aspects of the stone’s decoration show a definite Central European influence of the La Téne style. This artwork derives its name from the type found in a large Celtic settlement near the modern region of La Téne in Switzerland.
The line carvings on top of the stone are known artistically as Hair Motif.
The Killycluggin Stone
Looking from the North West, the replica Stone at Killycluggin is about 200 metres from where the original was found beyond the hedge in the picture above.
Additional sources of information:
In the period following the discovery of the stone many articles and comment appeared in the pages of Anglo Celt, the local paper. These contributions can accessed on microfilm in Johnston Library, Cavan.
In 1972 two prominent archaeologists, Dr Barry Rafferty and Dr Eamon Kelly investigated the site prior to the stone's removal to the National Museum in Dublin. Dr Rafferty compiled a report on his findings in 1973.
This was later published in the Ulster Journal of Archaeology in 1978. http://www.jstor.org/citation/info/10.2307/20567806
Other scholarly articles on the Killycluggin Stone are also available on JStor.
A printed version of Dr Rafferty's report can also be viewed in the Local Studies section of the Johnston Library, Cavan.
11 November, 2015 14:16